Annotated Bibliography


Keesey, Douglas. “Tracing the Postmodern Sublime.” Papers on Language & Literature,

vol. 42, no. 2, Spring2006, pp. 220-223. EBSCOhost, proxygsu-sful.galileo.usg.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lfh&AN=20949405&site=lrc-live.

“Tracing the Postmodern Sublime” is a review on the works of Samuel Coale.  His book, Paradigms of Paranoia, is his take on society’s obsession with conspiracies, information overload, and mistrust with our government.  None of these obsessions are of lunacy, but of actual witnessing corruption the national government has to offer.  What Coale in his book, and Keesey in his review are explaining is that through modern texts such as The Matrix and The Divinci Code we can track where our everyday paranoia lies.

What do these events mean to the average people: September 11th, the Watergate Scandal, the Iran-Contra Affair.  What might come to mind is Terrorism, Fear, Corruption, and those wouldn’t be wrong conclusions.  There’s a lot the average day person can bring to mind when thinking of an apocalypse, and these few things would be first.  From this piece of writing can come many bindings to why people are so afraid, especially of the government, and that’s important to understand before delving into where you can find these expressions of fear.


Brooker, Charlie. “Black Mirror.” Black Mirror. Netflix. 4 Dec. 2011. Television.

The hit Netflix show Black Mirror is centered around dark and twisted themes that examine modern society and the unanticipated consequences with the advancement of new technology.  Each episode features a different plot that covers what could happen in a slight turn of events, much like The Twilight Zone. It characterizes the fears we have about a technological apocalypse and uses those in many different ways to convey the dangers of having modern life revolve around technology.

This series perfectly articulates why we are still in the postmodern literary era.  Literature such as “The Veldt” (1950) and “There Will Come Soft Rains” (1950), both short stories by Ray Bradbury, and Catch-22 (1961) by Joseph Heller show that Black Mirror has been created in a mirror image of these decades old novels. .  This show tells us that postmodern literature can make that switch from novels to actual television.

Collins, Suzanne.The Hunger Games. New York: Scholastic, 2008. Print.

Everyone knows of The Hunger Games, a trilogy about a young girl named Katniss living in District 12 in a post apocalyptic era.  These books have been made into 4 hit seller movies and have won more than 50 awards.  The plot is as follows, When Katniss Everdeen’s sister Primrose is chosen be apart of the feared Hunger Games, a dark game where 24 kids from the ages of 12-18 from all 12 districts are picked to fight to the death, Katniss volunteers to take her place.   The series follows Katniss from the volunteering, to her victory in the games, all the way to her battle with taking down the twisted Capital, who placed the kids in the games from the beginning.  

From these facts we can again conclude that this series is yet another example of how we still exist in the postmodern era.  The paranoia of our government and the apocalyptic themes characterize yet another novel to add to the library.  Technology can cause so much wonder and amazement, yet it lies on very fine line of fear and paranoia.  The technology in The Hunger Games shows a stark contrast from the districts and the capital.  The capital remains in power, much like modern day government, and it is abuzz with all types of technology.  The districts however, are poor and remain with little to no power.  The capital uses technology and power to create a hold of fear in the districts by creating these “games” that the children must participate in, which are surrounded by technological advances in the future, such as the use of hybrids and a fake environment for the children to play survival in.



Cover Letter Writers Memo

Cover Letter



In this cover letter I was trying to complete the inevitable.  The college application process.  Sooner or later we’re all going to have to do it.  Weather you have or haven’t, its the experience of having it loom over your shoulder.  By completing this I’m giving myself the chance to have others look over it for me and give me help and advise, while also completing a work assignment.  Basically killing 2 birds with one stone.  Please, if you have any advise to make this a more effective letter let me know.

Semantics · Writing

What do we really know?

Since childhood, the people of the world are taught what to think, say, feel, and even believe. Since then, we have stood alone yet the social norms latch us all together.  The Weeknd presents to us Losers; that maybe we all do ¨make our own sense¨ (The Weeknd 7)  and that to have a different perspective of the world does not make a person unintelligent. Just because we may think and perceive life differently, who is to say what is normal or not?

The lyrics of this song obviously rely heavily on Pathos, as most songs do.  Ironically, this only strengthens the argument of the theme.  This shows us that how we feel and what we think is real, as well as what all of us as human beings believe to be real, isńt necessarily true.  We all believe in something, even if that belief is that nothing is real… That is an opinion, and technically most of the scientific theories around us are as well.   Abel’s (The Weeknd) way of showing this to us is in the lines ¨So what can you show me, That my heart don’t know already?¨ (The Weeknd 9-10).  Again, we see it repeated in the lines ¨They can’t teach what they can’t prove” (The Weeknd 15).  

In an odd way,  the Pathos also provides Logos to this song.  The theme of this song is that we don’t necessarily know what is true and what is make believe.  While it isn’t technically Logos, it relates to it in an important way.   How can we fully know and comprehend something that is based on a guess? In reality, how can we rely on anyone but ourselves to make decisions and provide theoretical knowledge? This is implied in the line, “We did it all alone,” (The Weeknd 29), and again in the line, “So what can you show me, that my heart don’t know already?” (The Weeknd 9-10)

All of these things lead us to the last method in Aristotelian’s model, Ethos.  The Weeknd mentions several times in his songs “And you’re qualified to me.”(The Weeknd 8)  This is a perfect way to explain the Ethos in his theme.  The credibility of this message cannot be proven, and that is his entire point.   “They can’t teach what they can’t prove”, (The Weeknd 15)  and again,  “Come put this inside a test-tube” (The Weeknd 16) represents thoroughly how one will create test after test to hypothesize a theory.

And this links us to our conclusion …While the Ethos and Logos can technically be counted as the same ideology (and the song mostly revolves around Pathos), all these three theories combined connect and link together to create one single theme. This theme is to show how we think and contemplate our ideas and our emotions and finally,  not every idea is the exact same.  Perception is your own personal reality.


Revision Memo for “A Walk in the Park”

For my revision my goal was really just to perfect the text I had written.  I didn’t want to mess with it too much for fear that I would mess up my writing.  I took my comments into consideration and decided to leave it as it was.  I received a comment mentioning how the ending was a bit off putting, but considering the story was all leading up to that one point I didn’t want to change it.

A Walk in the Park – Bi-Weekly Rough Draft


Writer’s Memo for “The Majestic Blue Whale”

“The Majestic Blue Whale”

  1. What you are trying to achieve in the piece of writing, including your intended focus of the piece, audience, and purpose and what form the piece of writing took based on those intentions.

My purpose was to inform, yet entertain the audience with the silliness of the text.  Hopefully someone had the giggles at reading this.

2. Which punch list task(s) the piece of writing helps you to check off.

Considering the topic, I feel I can check off the Research/Informative Punch List Task

3. What went well in the draft and what didn’t go so well.

I think my humor came across pretty well, but I guess that’s for the reader to decide.  I also felt that I included the promised amount of information.  The next plane tickets for the “Pacific Ocean” will be sold out.  However, I think my paragraphs were a tad bit short.

4. What help you need from any readers.

My answer to this will always be grammar.  There are probably an Easter egg-hunt amount of errors in that paper.


The Majestic Blue Whale

Bi-Weekly ROUGH-draft

Have you ever encountered the large specimen known as ‘The Blue Whale’?  The majestic mammal of the sea?  Well neither have I.  However, after you read this juicy informative crammed with lots of knowledge on the blue whale, I guarantee you’ll be on the next flight out to the Pacific.


The Blue Whale, also known as Balaenoptera musculus, is the largest, grandest and heaviest creature on the face of earth.  Weighing up to 200 tons, and growing up to 100 feet, the blue whale breaks the scale anyday. Even the tongue of the whale can weigh as much as a whole elephant!  Talk about going on a diet, amiright?


The diet of the blue whale is actually not as unhealthy as you might think it is.  They primarily consume Krill, which for those who don’t know what that is (Much like me before this article), is a small crustacean much like a shrimp.  When eating, the Blue Whale uses a method known as “filter feeding”, which if you’ve ever seen ‘Finding Nemo’ you’ll know exactly what I mean.  If you haven’t seen this historical movie, well then you need to get your priorities straight.  


This creature is very graceful and among the longest living creatures in the world.  For all the people who have seen a whale, they’ll tell you what a marvelous sight it is to see.  They usually travel alone but on the occasion they’ll travel in small groups.  They of course usually travel with their children, which in this case are called calves.  It’s almost as if whales are the cows of the sea.   When first entering their world of water, the baby whale calves weigh up to 3 tons, and throughout the year gains about 200 pounds.  That’s like eating a whole human! Wow!


In the past, whalers and poacher have hunted this glorious creature, leading to the downfall of the whale population.  Looking to sell the whale’s oil to make the big bucks, the blue whale was put on the World Conservation Union Red List, which for those of you who don’t know what that is, (Again, much like me before this article) it’s a list of classified endangered animals.  

To conclude this informative, blue whales are awesome and deserve much more praise other than a nodding of the head.  Next time you drink a cup of coffee, think of the blue whale.  Next time you are staring at the sky, think of that glorious mammal.  Next time you’re starting a starting a sentence with ‘well’, think of how you could be starting that sentence with ‘whale’.

Work Cited

“Home.” Whale Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2017.

Society, National Geographic. “Blue Whales, Blue Whale Pictures, Blue Whale Facts.”National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2017.


Writers Memo for “A Walk in the Park”

A Walk in the Park

Literature questions from Ms. Keown / Mrs. Sockler concerning “A Walk in the Park”.

  1. What you are trying to achieve in the piece of writing, including your intended focus of the piece, audience, and purpose and what form the piece of writing took based on those intentions.
  2. Which punch list task(s) the piece of writing helps you to check off.
  3. What went well in the draft and what didn’t go so well.
  4. What help you need from any readers.

At first I wasn’t quite sure what I wanted to achieve.  I just knew I was supposed to sit down and write a story for class.  But as I was eating lunch in the library, debating what I should write about, I decided to go with the flow with it. I wasn’t quite sure where I was going with the story, but I knew I was going to make something happen once the girl had gotten to the park.  After the last sentence I decided that the ending fit.  I didn’t want to change it. I decided to add on to that ending.  To go back and really make the decision fit.

Obviously “To complete one narrative biweekly draft” and “Write one narrative about you or someone else”, but also to “Try to make the reader laugh by being clever, using sarcasm, satire, Irony, and/or understatement”.  I really giggled at the thought of just killing the character.  I feel it also shows a great bit of irony considering the unnamed character had an almost deep uncontrollable desire to finish a book (one that she quite hated)  ,and yet dies half-way through the last paragraph.

I feel the outcome of Irony, Symbolism, and Foreshadowing really went well while drafting.  I didn’t realize I was doing it at first until I had reviewed it and saw how perfect it fit.

Obviously I need help with my grammar.  It’s a horrible flaw of mine but I make the silliest mistakes on the dumbest things.  A classmate of mine found I had written “a canopy of leafs” rather than “a canopy of leaves”